http://blog.csdn.net/NirvanaFeng/archive/2009/05/12/4171799.aspx

def InitDicForViterbi(nodes,posw,posdi,n): newWordList = [] # 解决未登录词 for i in
nodes: if not posw.has_key(i): newWordList.append(i) maxPosList =
NPos(posdi,n) print maxPosList
GenerateDicPos(newWordList,maxPosList,posw,posdi) def
InitViterbi(node,posw,posdi): viStatePath = [] for i in posw[node]: if i <>
“@@@”: print “i:”,i viStatePath.append([posw[node][i]*posdi[i][“@@@”],[i]])
return viStatePath

viterbi算法函数

“”" nodes 就是分好的词, posw 是词转换为词性的概率，posdi是词性之间的转换概率,n 是n个最大的词性将此用于未登录词中,
weightNone是未出现的词性转移的概率 nodes format {word1,word2…} , posw format
{word1:{pos1:fre,pos2:fre,…“@@@”:totalnum},…“@@@”:total} posdi format
{pos1:{pos2:fre,pos3:fre…“@@@”:total},…“@@@”:total} “”" def
Viterbi(nodes,posw,posdi,n,weightNone): InitDicForViterbi(nodes,posw,posdi,n)
viStatePath = InitViterbi(nodes[0],posw,posdi) length = len(nodes) currentNode
= 1 while currentNode < length: currentPosList = posw[nodes[currentNode]]
paths = [] # print “vstate:”,viStatePath for k in currentPosList: if k <>
“@@@”: ajk = weightNone heap = [] for j in xrange(len(viStatePath)): # compute
every state j to every state k in ti # temppath = viStatePath[j] # print
“lastpos:”,temppath lastpos = viStatePath[j][1][-1] lastweight =
viStatePath[j][0] lastposList = posdi[lastpos] if lastposList.has_key(k): ajk
=lastposList[k] currentweight = lastweight * ajk * currentPosList[k] # print
“viStatePath:”,viStatePath[j][1] pathNew = [data for data in
viStatePath[j][1]] pathNew.append(k) # print “pathNew:”,pathNew
heappush(heap,[currentweight,pathNew]) # get the max possibility of state k in
ti # print “path:”,path paths.append(nlargest(1,heap)[0]) del viStatePath
viStatePath = paths # print “paths:”,paths currentNode = currentNode + 1 heap
= [] # get the max possibility path for i in viStatePath: heappush(heap,i)
return nlargest(1,heap)

“”“nodes format {word1,word2,…} path is [weight,[pos1,pos2…]]”“” def
Result(nodes,path,edcode=“utf-8”): realPath = path[0][1]
ResultPrint(nodes,realPath,edcode) “”“nodes format {word1,word2,…} path is
[pos1,pos2…]”“” def ResultPrint(nodes,path,edcode=“utf-8”): for i in
xrange(len(nodes)): print nodes[i].decode(edcode),“/”,path[i].decode(edcode)

aa = ConvertGBKtoUTF(“球球”) bb = ConvertGBKtoUTF(“娃娃”) cc =
ConvertGBKtoUTF(“吃饭”) dd = ConvertGBKtoUTF(“好”) ee =
ConvertGBKtoUTF(“dddwieoewkem”) dictions =
{aa:{bb:1,“@@@”:4},bb:{cc:2,aa:3,“@@@”:40},“@@@”:400} posdi = {“n”:{“s”:3,“v”:
3,“@@@”:40},“s”:{“v”:2,“e”:3,“@@@”:33},“v”:{“@@@”:1},“@@@”:100} posw = {aa:{“n
“:1,“v”:3,”@@@”:29},bb:{“n”:1,“s”:1,“@@@”:19},cc:{“n”:1,“@@@”:1},“@@@”:10002}
nodes = [aa,bb,cc,ee,dd,bb,aa,cc] path = Viterbi(nodes,posw,posdi,3,0.01)
print path Result(nodes,path)